It has now been one month since election day, a new administration in the White House and a new Congressional makeup are in the works. If you’re like us, you are probably starting to wonder, “How will this affect me?” The President-elect made campaign promises that would affect both personal and business taxes as well as healthcare costs.
While campaign promises are subject to change, the following are the highlights of what you may expect following the inauguration of President-elect Trump based on his proposals:
President-elect Trump’s campaign included several tax-related proposals that he intends to pursue during his first 100 days in office, which are set forth in more detail below.
Individual Income Tax Rates
Under the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012, the current individual income tax rates are 10, 15, 25, 28, 33, 35, and 39.6 percent. During the campaign, President-elect Trump proposed a new rate structure of 12, 25 and 33 percent as follows:
|Current Rates||Rate under Proposed Structure|
|10 and 15%||12%|
|25 and 28%||25%|
|33, 35 and 39.6%||33%|
This rate structure tracks one proposed by House Republicans earlier this year.
In addition to changes to individual income tax rates, President-elect Trump proposed changes to the capital gains and dividend tax rates to align such rates within his proposed percent income tax bracket levels.
Deductions and Family Tax Breaks
President-elect Trump further proposed he would seek to limit itemized deductions, eliminate the head-of-household filing status and all personal exemptions.
President-elect Trump also has called for increasing the standard deduction. Under his plan, the standard deduction would increase to $15,000 for single individuals and to $30,000 for married couples filing jointly.
Additionally, President-elect Trump proposes to seek the creation of dependent care savings accounts, changes to earned income tax credit and enhanced deductions for child care and eldercare.
Alternative Minimum Tax and Gift/Estate Tax
President-elect Trump proposed to repeal the alternative minimum tax (AMT) and the federal estate and gift tax. The unified federal estate and gift tax currently starts for estates valued at $5.490 million per individual for 2017.
President-elect Trump made repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) a primary focus in his campaign. The President-elect said he would call a special session of Congress to repeal the ACA, which enacted several new tax provisions and a penalty into law to fund the ACA, including the net investment income tax and the Additional Medicare Tax, both of which largely impact higher income taxpayers.
Business Tax Proposals
The current corporate tax rate is 35 percent. President-elect Trump called during the campaign for a reduction in the corporate tax rate from 35 percent to 15 percent. Furthermore, the President-elect has proposed sharing that rate with owners of “pass through” entities (i.e. sole proprietorships, partnerships and S corporations), but only for profits that are reinvested in the business.
Trump also proposed a doubling of the small business expensing election to $1 million, and the immediate deduction of all new investments in a business.
President-elect Trump’s tax proposals that are outlined above are based largely on representations by him during the campaign and in his campaign materials.